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4/10/2016 BUIL 1305 Research Methods for the Built

This is a literature review. My question is, how does sustainability effect the valuation of commercial buildings. 

It is based on the minor assignment provided.

4/10/2016 BUIL 1305


Research Methods for the Built Environment


Week 11 ? Writing your Proposal


Prof. Nick Blismas 1 4/10/2016 Lecture Programme (Subject to change)


Week Lecture Topic What does it really mean? 1 19th July Introduction to RM Curious about something? 2 26th July Relevance of research 3 2nd 4 9th Aug CASE EXAMPLE: Housebuilding 5 16th Aug Research Strategies 6 23nd Aug Data Collection How do we collect the data? 30th MID-TERM BREAK NO LECTURES/TUTORIALS Research Ethics Is what we are doing right?


Playing around with words Aug Aug Reviewing the literature 7 6th 8 13th Sept Qualitative data analysis Sept Sept So what? Is it a problem?


What have others done, and how do they


see the problem?


How to develop a question and use the




What needs to be measured or collected?


Why? 9 20th Quantitative data analysis Playing around with numbers 10 27th Sept Communicating research Telling others what you?ve found, if


anything! 11 4th Oct Writing your research proposal How to approach Assign 3 12 11th Research Project I and II (2017) You probably won?t pitch-up Oct Tutorial Programme (Subject to change)


Week Commence Topic Submission


Tute 1 ? 5% 1 18th July Provide 3 topic ideas for research areas that


interest you. 2 25th July Provide evidence of industry relevance Tute 2 ? 5% 3 1st Aug Structure the review Tute 3 ? 5% 4 8th Aug Help with literature review - 5 15th Aug Structuring a literature review 6 22nd Aug Research design Tute 4 ? 5% 29th MID-TERM BREAK Minor Assign ? 10% 7 5th Sept Aug Ethics risk assessment Tute 5 ? 5% 8 12th Sept Qualitative data analysis Tute 6 ? 5% 9 19th Sept Quantitative data analysis Tute 7 ? 5% 10 26th Proposal Outline Tute 8 ? 5% 11 3rd Oct Proposal workshop - 12 10th Oct Proposal workshop - Sept 2 4/10/2016 Course Assessment


Type Submission Date Open DUE Value Tutorial Tute 1 - Topics 22 July 12:00 26 July 12:00 5% Tutorial Tute 2 ? Evidence 29 July 12:00 9 August 12:00 5% Tutorial Tute 3 ? Review Structure 5 August 12:00 16 August 12:00 5% Assignment Minor Assign ? Literature Review 19 August 12:00 29 August 23:59 10% Tutorial Tute 4 ? Research design 26 August 12:00 6 Sept 12:00 5% Tutorial Tute 5 ? Ethics 9 Sept 12:00 13 Sept 12:00 5% Tutorial Tute 6 ? Qualitative analysis 16 Sept 12:00 20 Sept 12:00 5% Tutorial Tute 7 ? Quantitative analysis 23 Sept 12:00 27 Sept 12:00 5% Tutorial Tute 8 ? Proposal Outline 30 Sept 12:00 4 Oct 12:00 5% 11 Oct 12:00 18 Oct 12:00 50% Assignment Main Assignment - Proposal You must obtain 50% overall to pass this course. There will be no deferred assessments. Only medical certificates or other


significant personal reasons will be accepted. Week 11 ? Writing your Proposal MAIN ASSIGNMENT 3 4/10/2016 Main Assignment


? Produce a Preliminary Research Proposal


? DUE: 18 October 2016 noon [will change to




? Worth 50%


? Maximum 3,000 words


? Only use template provided Assessment breakdown




Research question & Industry Problem Approx.Wordcount Marks [%] 750 words 20% Literature Review 1,500 words 40% Research Design 750 words 20% No limit - NA 20% References


Presentation & Written Communication 100% 4 4/10/2016 Assessment Criteria 5 4/10/2016 Proposal with a Purpose!




RQ ? Industry context ? show extent of the problem in industry


? Statistics of industry size


? Significance to the economy and industry ? emphasize impact ? State question


? Sub-questions to aid main question LR ? Start with topic area


? Research domain


? Specific topic RD ? Design chosen and justified


? Describe design


? Describe methods to be used and justify 6 4/10/2016 Week 11 ? Writing your Proposal RESEARCH QUESTION &




PROBLEM [20%*]


? List your main research question (or AIM if you


prefer) in the first row. Thereafter, list several subquestions that you have developed to help answer


the main question. These should ?break-up? the main


question into logical and manageable steps. You


should have 3 sub-questions.


? Then state your industry problem, making the case


for its relevance and importance to the industry. This


should typically be supported by evidence from both


industry, statistics and research.


? [Industry Problem Character limit =5,000, approx..


750 words] 7 4/10/2016 RESEARCH QUESTION


? Ensure the question is focussed and clearly




? Not too broad ? arbitrary


? Not too narrow ? insufficient material to undertake


? Not too many variables ? impossible to undertake and


have any findings ? Sub-questions


? Should directly address the main question


? Don?t introduce new variables or broad aspects


covered in the LR INDUSTRY PROBLEM


? Plan the introductory section


? State your industry problem


? Make the case for its relevance and importance to the




? Support with evidence from


? Industry


? Statistics


? research ? Provides context and relevance to the topic


? Answers the ?so what? question? 8 4/10/2016 INDUSTRY PROBLEM


? Examples:


? Size of the industry


? Construction contribution to GDP; property markets;


project value


? Extent of the group/population/issue at hand


? Trades, high-rise units, injuries, construction


productivity, project value


? Problems in the industry and its implications


? Delays in projects; cost overruns; unemployment;


stress and burnout; loss of personnel; poor


production Week 11 ? Writing your Proposal LITERATURE REVIEW 9 4/10/2016 LITERATURE REVIEW [40%*]


? You are required to provide a literature review


centred around your main research question. You


may use up to five sub-headings for your review.


Your sub-headings should be in CAPITALS so as to


differentiate these with the main body of text. You


may use text from your minor assignment as a basis


for this section, although you would be expected to


extend and improve on that submission.


Concentrate on a high quality review that may not


cover all aspects of your topic, rather than try to


cover all areas poorly.


? [Character limit = 10,000, approx.. 1,500 words] LITERTURE REVIEW


? Use your previous work/original reviews


? Use of material from YOUR OWN tutorials and Minor


Assignment will not be deemed self-plagiarism for this


assignment [Please note ? this is not generally the


case for assignments, so always check!] ? Plan the review


? Structure the review


? Use headings to help you and the reader


? Each section should make a point


? Conclude literature review section 10 4/10/2016 Literature Review Plan Industry Problem [Intro section]


Energy crisis Climate


change?? Area of interest


EEB design


Policies for


pushing EEB Need for EEB Potential gains


with EEB Specific topic




measures of


EEB Tools for


designing EEB Challenges to


the approach Week 11 ? Writing your Proposal RESEARCH DESIGN &


METHODS 11 4/10/2016 RESEARCH DESIGN [20%*]


? Describe an appropriate Research Design for your research topic/question.


Your design MUST seek to address the research question and your


methods MUST be suitable to the research. You should try and describe it in


technical terms using references wherever possible. If you are using


secondary data, such a property database, describe the framework that will


guide how you might achieve your research aim using the data. As part of


your design you should also list and describe the data collection methods


that you plan to employ with your chosen strategy. Use the terms and


justifications presented to you in lectures. If you are using secondary data,


such a property database, describe the type of data you plan to access, and


the variables you expect to analyse. Also comment on the reliability of the


data and its source. For other methods, you should include as much detail


as possible about: types of questions, sample sizes, length, participants etc.


You may use text from your previous tutorials (5 and 6) as a basis for this


section. However, it is expected that you will extend, improve and fully


reference this submission.


? [Character limit = 5,000, approx.. 750 words] RESEARCH DESIGN


? Plan the section


? Ensure it ties-in with the rest of the ?story?


? Will it answer your research question?


? Use designs in classes, but also consult books


to justify your choice of design, e.g.


? Richard F. Fellows, Anita M. M. Liu, 2015, Research


Methods for Construction (4th Edition). Wiley




? Groat, LN, & Wang, D 2013, Architectural Research


Methods, 2nd edn, Wiley, New York, NY 12 4/10/2016 Recommended books


? Richard F. Fellows,


Anita M. M. Liu, 2015,


Research Methods


for Construction (4th


Edition). Wiley


Blackwell 25 Recommended books


? Groat, LN, & Wang, D


2013, Architectural


Research Methods,


2nd edn, Wiley, New


York, NY


? Not just Architecture! ?The aim of this book is to provide an introductory guide for anyone


wishing to conduct research on an aspect of the built environment ? from


a building component to a room, a building, a neighborhood, or an urban


center.? (Groat & Wang 2002, p. 3)


26 13 4/10/2016 Recommended books


? Alan Bryman & Emma Bell (2011) Business


research methods


? Alan Bryman (2016) Social Research Methods


(5th Ed.)


? Robert K. Yin (2014) Case study research :


design and methods (5th Ed.)


? And many more? Week 11 ? Writing your Proposal COMMON PROBLEMS 14 4/10/2016 Common problems




? Use of first name, other names, initials


? ONLY Surname


? Use of full-stop before .(xyz,1999).


? No comma between name and date (xyz,1999)


? Referencing incomplete


? Not alphabetically arranged Common problems




? 1st / 2nd person use very common


? Not enough paragraphing and structure 15 4/10/2016 Common problems


Structure and Argument


? Inadequate or No proofs, support, references to a




? Too many quotations or too long


? Others work and not yours


? Shows work is not critical enough


? Too much reliance on ONE or TWO papers


? Too narrow with inadequate context Common Problems




? Use literature to support assertion that there is nothing


on a subject


? E.g. PMBOK (2002) has no reference to?


? But be sure you?ve looked around 16 4/10/2016 Common problems: Theoretical


? Research question


? What IS the ?thesis? or problem?


? Too general Not specific


? Research Problem & Questions incoherent


? Don?t answer/address the problem ? Research design does not answer the question or


address the problem


? Analysis and conclusions likewise NOT UNIFIED & NOT FOCUSSED Common problems: Structural


? Incoherent


? No flow of thought or argument


? No forethought on structure


? ?Join-the-dots? / ?fill-the-gaps? of outline provided ? ?Cut and paste?


? No introductions/conclusions to each section


? Do not help the reader


? Make assumptions on their knowledge ? Language


? Spelling


? Syntax


? Paragraph structure 17 4/10/2016 Common problems: Other


? Referencing


? Incorrect referencing of others? works


? Plagiarism?


? Incorrect format ? Harvard


? In text referencing


? Full reference


? Many references to help in this area


? RMIT Library Week 11 ? Writing your Proposal CITATIONS & REFERENCING 18 4/10/2016 Where and how do we use references?


? References are likely to be useful in the following sections


? Introduction


? Providing background to the research


? Helping to explain the importance of comfort


? Describing thermal comfort versus comfort more broadly


? Methodology


? Helping to explain where the methodology comes from


? Describing limitations to the approach


? Conclusions


? Revisiting concepts outlined in the introduction and methodology


? Don?t introduce new references here!


? References


? Obvious! ? You may use references elsewhere as well.


? Whenever you want to use the work of others to explain or make a point ? Always use RMIT Harvard style Citations & References


? Direct quotation from other authors?


? Use quote marks and italics; eg.


? Betts (1996) suggests that ?contrasting approaches to innovation can be


defined in terms of the technology-push and market-pull paradigms?. ? If the citation is more than two sentences, put it into a separate


paragraph, indented left and right:


? ?VR systems, as stand alone applications, can only be used to enhance


the presentation of design. However, they can be turned into more


powerful tools by integrating them with other construction applications.? (Faraj, 1996)


? Attribute tables and figures adapted or copied from the work of


others. 19 4/10/2016 Citations & References


? Use the Harvard system of referencing, eg.


? According to Betts (1996), the study of information


management for construction has become a subject in


its own right. ? or


? Tucker and Mahomed (1996a) perceive the late 1970?s


as the watershed era for the introduction of computers


in construction. ? or


? Several researchers (Smith, 1991; Chan and Low,


1994; Brandon, 1995b;Tah et al. 1996) have shown


how... Citations & References


? Use the Harvard system in your final list of




? The sequence is:


? Surname (family name)


? Initials


? Publication year


? Title


? Publication


? Publisher


? Place of publication


? Page numbers (if possible) 20 4/10/2016 Citations & References




Armstrong, A. and Hagel, J. (1996) ?The real value of on-line


communities.? Harvard Business Review. May-June. pp134-141.


Bowen, P.A. (1993) A communication-based approach to price


modelling and price forecasting in the design phase of the traditional


building procurement process in South Africa. Un-published PhD


thesis. Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Port Elizabeth,


South Africa.


Seymour, D. and Rooke, J. (1996) ?The culture of the industry and the


culture of research.? Construction Management and Economics. 13.


6. pp511-523. Citations & References


Checkland, P.B. (1981) Systems thinking, systems


practice. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK.


Dalgliesh, C.D., Bowen, P.A. and Hill, R.C. (1996)


?Environmental factors in the procurement of


low-cost housing in South Africa.? In


proceedings: CIB W-92 International Symposium


on ?Procurement Systems: North meets South?,


University of Natal, Durban, January. 21 4/10/2016 Wrap up


? Research reports have a defined structure


? Presentation of findings speaks to the quality of the research content


? Poor presentation can undermine solid research


? Presentation is about communication


? An objective of research is to not only develop new knowledge


but communicate that knowledge BUIL 1305


Research Methods for the Built Environment


Week 11 ? Writing your Proposal


Prof. Nick Blismas 22


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