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4/10/2016 BUIL 1305 Research Methods for the Built
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This is a literature review. My question is, how does sustainability effect the valuation of commercial buildings. 

It is based on the minor assignment provided.


4/10/2016 BUIL 1305

 

Research Methods for the Built Environment

 

Week 11 ? Writing your Proposal

 

Prof. Nick Blismas 1 4/10/2016 Lecture Programme (Subject to change)

 

Week Lecture Topic What does it really mean? 1 19th July Introduction to RM Curious about something? 2 26th July Relevance of research 3 2nd 4 9th Aug CASE EXAMPLE: Housebuilding 5 16th Aug Research Strategies 6 23nd Aug Data Collection How do we collect the data? 30th MID-TERM BREAK NO LECTURES/TUTORIALS Research Ethics Is what we are doing right?

 

Playing around with words Aug Aug Reviewing the literature 7 6th 8 13th Sept Qualitative data analysis Sept Sept So what? Is it a problem?

 

What have others done, and how do they

 

see the problem?

 

How to develop a question and use the

 

literature

 

What needs to be measured or collected?

 

Why? 9 20th Quantitative data analysis Playing around with numbers 10 27th Sept Communicating research Telling others what you?ve found, if

 

anything! 11 4th Oct Writing your research proposal How to approach Assign 3 12 11th Research Project I and II (2017) You probably won?t pitch-up Oct Tutorial Programme (Subject to change)

 

Week Commence Topic Submission

 

Tute 1 ? 5% 1 18th July Provide 3 topic ideas for research areas that

 

interest you. 2 25th July Provide evidence of industry relevance Tute 2 ? 5% 3 1st Aug Structure the review Tute 3 ? 5% 4 8th Aug Help with literature review - 5 15th Aug Structuring a literature review 6 22nd Aug Research design Tute 4 ? 5% 29th MID-TERM BREAK Minor Assign ? 10% 7 5th Sept Aug Ethics risk assessment Tute 5 ? 5% 8 12th Sept Qualitative data analysis Tute 6 ? 5% 9 19th Sept Quantitative data analysis Tute 7 ? 5% 10 26th Proposal Outline Tute 8 ? 5% 11 3rd Oct Proposal workshop - 12 10th Oct Proposal workshop - Sept 2 4/10/2016 Course Assessment

 

Type Submission Date Open DUE Value Tutorial Tute 1 - Topics 22 July 12:00 26 July 12:00 5% Tutorial Tute 2 ? Evidence 29 July 12:00 9 August 12:00 5% Tutorial Tute 3 ? Review Structure 5 August 12:00 16 August 12:00 5% Assignment Minor Assign ? Literature Review 19 August 12:00 29 August 23:59 10% Tutorial Tute 4 ? Research design 26 August 12:00 6 Sept 12:00 5% Tutorial Tute 5 ? Ethics 9 Sept 12:00 13 Sept 12:00 5% Tutorial Tute 6 ? Qualitative analysis 16 Sept 12:00 20 Sept 12:00 5% Tutorial Tute 7 ? Quantitative analysis 23 Sept 12:00 27 Sept 12:00 5% Tutorial Tute 8 ? Proposal Outline 30 Sept 12:00 4 Oct 12:00 5% 11 Oct 12:00 18 Oct 12:00 50% Assignment Main Assignment - Proposal You must obtain 50% overall to pass this course. There will be no deferred assessments. Only medical certificates or other

 

significant personal reasons will be accepted. Week 11 ? Writing your Proposal MAIN ASSIGNMENT 3 4/10/2016 Main Assignment

 

? Produce a Preliminary Research Proposal

 

? DUE: 18 October 2016 noon [will change to

 

midnight]

 

? Worth 50%

 

? Maximum 3,000 words

 

? Only use template provided Assessment breakdown

 

Section

 

Research question & Industry Problem Approx.Wordcount Marks [%] 750 words 20% Literature Review 1,500 words 40% Research Design 750 words 20% No limit - NA 20% References

 

Presentation & Written Communication 100% 4 4/10/2016 Assessment Criteria 5 4/10/2016 Proposal with a Purpose!

 

Intro

 

RQ ? Industry context ? show extent of the problem in industry

 

? Statistics of industry size

 

? Significance to the economy and industry ? emphasize impact ? State question

 

? Sub-questions to aid main question LR ? Start with topic area

 

? Research domain

 

? Specific topic RD ? Design chosen and justified

 

? Describe design

 

? Describe methods to be used and justify 6 4/10/2016 Week 11 ? Writing your Proposal RESEARCH QUESTION &

 

INDUSTRY PROBLEM RESEARCH QUESTION AND INDUSTRY

 

PROBLEM [20%*]

 

? List your main research question (or AIM if you

 

prefer) in the first row. Thereafter, list several subquestions that you have developed to help answer

 

the main question. These should ?break-up? the main

 

question into logical and manageable steps. You

 

should have 3 sub-questions.

 

? Then state your industry problem, making the case

 

for its relevance and importance to the industry. This

 

should typically be supported by evidence from both

 

industry, statistics and research.

 

? [Industry Problem Character limit =5,000, approx..

 

750 words] 7 4/10/2016 RESEARCH QUESTION

 

? Ensure the question is focussed and clearly

 

articulated

 

? Not too broad ? arbitrary

 

? Not too narrow ? insufficient material to undertake

 

? Not too many variables ? impossible to undertake and

 

have any findings ? Sub-questions

 

? Should directly address the main question

 

? Don?t introduce new variables or broad aspects

 

covered in the LR INDUSTRY PROBLEM

 

? Plan the introductory section

 

? State your industry problem

 

? Make the case for its relevance and importance to the

 

industry

 

? Support with evidence from

 

? Industry

 

? Statistics

 

? research ? Provides context and relevance to the topic

 

? Answers the ?so what? question? 8 4/10/2016 INDUSTRY PROBLEM

 

? Examples:

 

? Size of the industry

 

? Construction contribution to GDP; property markets;

 

project value

 

? Extent of the group/population/issue at hand

 

? Trades, high-rise units, injuries, construction

 

productivity, project value

 

? Problems in the industry and its implications

 

? Delays in projects; cost overruns; unemployment;

 

stress and burnout; loss of personnel; poor

 

production Week 11 ? Writing your Proposal LITERATURE REVIEW 9 4/10/2016 LITERATURE REVIEW [40%*]

 

? You are required to provide a literature review

 

centred around your main research question. You

 

may use up to five sub-headings for your review.

 

Your sub-headings should be in CAPITALS so as to

 

differentiate these with the main body of text. You

 

may use text from your minor assignment as a basis

 

for this section, although you would be expected to

 

extend and improve on that submission.

 

Concentrate on a high quality review that may not

 

cover all aspects of your topic, rather than try to

 

cover all areas poorly.

 

? [Character limit = 10,000, approx.. 1,500 words] LITERTURE REVIEW

 

? Use your previous work/original reviews

 

? Use of material from YOUR OWN tutorials and Minor

 

Assignment will not be deemed self-plagiarism for this

 

assignment [Please note ? this is not generally the

 

case for assignments, so always check!] ? Plan the review

 

? Structure the review

 

? Use headings to help you and the reader

 

? Each section should make a point

 

? Conclude literature review section 10 4/10/2016 Literature Review Plan Industry Problem [Intro section]

 

Energy crisis Climate

 

change?? Area of interest

 

EEB design

 

Policies for

 

pushing EEB Need for EEB Potential gains

 

with EEB Specific topic

 

Performance

 

measures of

 

EEB Tools for

 

designing EEB Challenges to

 

the approach Week 11 ? Writing your Proposal RESEARCH DESIGN &

 

METHODS 11 4/10/2016 RESEARCH DESIGN [20%*]

 

? Describe an appropriate Research Design for your research topic/question.

 

Your design MUST seek to address the research question and your

 

methods MUST be suitable to the research. You should try and describe it in

 

technical terms using references wherever possible. If you are using

 

secondary data, such a property database, describe the framework that will

 

guide how you might achieve your research aim using the data. As part of

 

your design you should also list and describe the data collection methods

 

that you plan to employ with your chosen strategy. Use the terms and

 

justifications presented to you in lectures. If you are using secondary data,

 

such a property database, describe the type of data you plan to access, and

 

the variables you expect to analyse. Also comment on the reliability of the

 

data and its source. For other methods, you should include as much detail

 

as possible about: types of questions, sample sizes, length, participants etc.

 

You may use text from your previous tutorials (5 and 6) as a basis for this

 

section. However, it is expected that you will extend, improve and fully

 

reference this submission.

 

? [Character limit = 5,000, approx.. 750 words] RESEARCH DESIGN

 

? Plan the section

 

? Ensure it ties-in with the rest of the ?story?

 

? Will it answer your research question?

 

? Use designs in classes, but also consult books

 

to justify your choice of design, e.g.

 

? Richard F. Fellows, Anita M. M. Liu, 2015, Research

 

Methods for Construction (4th Edition). Wiley

 

Blackwell

 

? Groat, LN, & Wang, D 2013, Architectural Research

 

Methods, 2nd edn, Wiley, New York, NY 12 4/10/2016 Recommended books

 

? Richard F. Fellows,

 

Anita M. M. Liu, 2015,

 

Research Methods

 

for Construction (4th

 

Edition). Wiley

 

Blackwell 25 Recommended books

 

? Groat, LN, & Wang, D

 

2013, Architectural

 

Research Methods,

 

2nd edn, Wiley, New

 

York, NY

 

? Not just Architecture! ?The aim of this book is to provide an introductory guide for anyone

 

wishing to conduct research on an aspect of the built environment ? from

 

a building component to a room, a building, a neighborhood, or an urban

 

center.? (Groat & Wang 2002, p. 3)

 

26 13 4/10/2016 Recommended books

 

? Alan Bryman & Emma Bell (2011) Business

 

research methods

 

? Alan Bryman (2016) Social Research Methods

 

(5th Ed.)

 

? Robert K. Yin (2014) Case study research :

 

design and methods (5th Ed.)

 

? And many more? Week 11 ? Writing your Proposal COMMON PROBLEMS 14 4/10/2016 Common problems

 

Referencing

 

? Use of first name, other names, initials

 

? ONLY Surname

 

? Use of full-stop before .(xyz,1999).

 

? No comma between name and date (xyz,1999)

 

? Referencing incomplete

 

? Not alphabetically arranged Common problems

 

Grammatical

 

? 1st / 2nd person use very common

 

? Not enough paragraphing and structure 15 4/10/2016 Common problems

 

Structure and Argument

 

? Inadequate or No proofs, support, references to a

 

statement,

 

? Too many quotations or too long

 

? Others work and not yours

 

? Shows work is not critical enough

 

? Too much reliance on ONE or TWO papers

 

? Too narrow with inadequate context Common Problems

 

Argument

 

? Use literature to support assertion that there is nothing

 

on a subject

 

? E.g. PMBOK (2002) has no reference to?

 

? But be sure you?ve looked around 16 4/10/2016 Common problems: Theoretical

 

? Research question

 

? What IS the ?thesis? or problem?

 

? Too general Not specific

 

? Research Problem & Questions incoherent

 

? Don?t answer/address the problem ? Research design does not answer the question or

 

address the problem

 

? Analysis and conclusions likewise NOT UNIFIED & NOT FOCUSSED Common problems: Structural

 

? Incoherent

 

? No flow of thought or argument

 

? No forethought on structure

 

? ?Join-the-dots? / ?fill-the-gaps? of outline provided ? ?Cut and paste?

 

? No introductions/conclusions to each section

 

? Do not help the reader

 

? Make assumptions on their knowledge ? Language

 

? Spelling

 

? Syntax

 

? Paragraph structure 17 4/10/2016 Common problems: Other

 

? Referencing

 

? Incorrect referencing of others? works

 

? Plagiarism?

 

? Incorrect format ? Harvard

 

? In text referencing

 

? Full reference

 

? Many references to help in this area

 

? RMIT Library Week 11 ? Writing your Proposal CITATIONS & REFERENCING 18 4/10/2016 Where and how do we use references?

 

? References are likely to be useful in the following sections

 

? Introduction

 

? Providing background to the research

 

? Helping to explain the importance of comfort

 

? Describing thermal comfort versus comfort more broadly

 

? Methodology

 

? Helping to explain where the methodology comes from

 

? Describing limitations to the approach

 

? Conclusions

 

? Revisiting concepts outlined in the introduction and methodology

 

? Don?t introduce new references here!

 

? References

 

? Obvious! ? You may use references elsewhere as well.

 

? Whenever you want to use the work of others to explain or make a point ? Always use RMIT Harvard style Citations & References

 

? Direct quotation from other authors?

 

? Use quote marks and italics; eg.

 

? Betts (1996) suggests that ?contrasting approaches to innovation can be

 

defined in terms of the technology-push and market-pull paradigms?. ? If the citation is more than two sentences, put it into a separate

 

paragraph, indented left and right:

 

? ?VR systems, as stand alone applications, can only be used to enhance

 

the presentation of design. However, they can be turned into more

 

powerful tools by integrating them with other construction applications.? (Faraj, 1996)

 

? Attribute tables and figures adapted or copied from the work of

 

others. 19 4/10/2016 Citations & References

 

? Use the Harvard system of referencing, eg.

 

? According to Betts (1996), the study of information

 

management for construction has become a subject in

 

its own right. ? or

 

? Tucker and Mahomed (1996a) perceive the late 1970?s

 

as the watershed era for the introduction of computers

 

in construction. ? or

 

? Several researchers (Smith, 1991; Chan and Low,

 

1994; Brandon, 1995b;Tah et al. 1996) have shown

 

how... Citations & References

 

? Use the Harvard system in your final list of

 

references.

 

? The sequence is:

 

? Surname (family name)

 

? Initials

 

? Publication year

 

? Title

 

? Publication

 

? Publisher

 

? Place of publication

 

? Page numbers (if possible) 20 4/10/2016 Citations & References

 

References

 

Armstrong, A. and Hagel, J. (1996) ?The real value of on-line

 

communities.? Harvard Business Review. May-June. pp134-141.

 

Bowen, P.A. (1993) A communication-based approach to price

 

modelling and price forecasting in the design phase of the traditional

 

building procurement process in South Africa. Un-published PhD

 

thesis. Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Port Elizabeth,

 

South Africa.

 

Seymour, D. and Rooke, J. (1996) ?The culture of the industry and the

 

culture of research.? Construction Management and Economics. 13.

 

6. pp511-523. Citations & References

 

Checkland, P.B. (1981) Systems thinking, systems

 

practice. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK.

 

Dalgliesh, C.D., Bowen, P.A. and Hill, R.C. (1996)

 

?Environmental factors in the procurement of

 

low-cost housing in South Africa.? In

 

proceedings: CIB W-92 International Symposium

 

on ?Procurement Systems: North meets South?,

 

University of Natal, Durban, January. 21 4/10/2016 Wrap up

 

? Research reports have a defined structure

 

? Presentation of findings speaks to the quality of the research content

 

? Poor presentation can undermine solid research

 

? Presentation is about communication

 

? An objective of research is to not only develop new knowledge

 

but communicate that knowledge BUIL 1305

 

Research Methods for the Built Environment

 

Week 11 ? Writing your Proposal

 

Prof. Nick Blismas 22

 







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