Question Details

[solution] » UCLA linguistic 20 homework #2 help me with this homework plz

Brief item decscription

Step-by-step solution file


Item details:

UCLA linguistic 20 homework #2 help me with this homework plz
More:

UCLA linguistic 20 homework #2

help me with this homework plz


Linguistics 20

 

Introduction to Linguistics Hayes et al.

 

Fall 2016 Homework #2: Morphology II, Phrase Structure

 

Due in class on Mon. October 10

 

When you write up this homework, please put your name and section on your answer!

 

1. Reduplication in Marshallese Marshallese is an Austronesian language spoken in the Marshall Islands of the Pacific. The

 

following data illustrate a word formation rule of Marshallese. I have simplified the data by

 

omitting some affixes, altering the glosses, and also ignoring some irrelevant distinctions

 

between vowels.

 

jæj

 

?ar

 

laq

 

l??o?

 

mok

 

ebbok

 

bok

 

ro?

 

ennon

 

baat

 

jook

 

naan

 

koon

 

k?jeek ?slippery?

 

?bite?

 

?recent?

 

?afraid?

 

?tired?

 

?full?

 

?sandy?

 

?deaf?

 

?aroused?

 

?smokey?

 

?ashamed?

 

?talkative

 

?piggish?

 

?fiery? jæjjæj

 

?ar?ar

 

laqlaq

 

l??o??o?

 

mokmok

 

ebbokbok

 

bokbok

 

ro?ro?

 

ennonnon

 

baataat

 

jookook

 

naanaan

 

koonoon

 

k?jeekeek ?slippery-intensive?

 

?bite-intensive?

 

?recent-intensive?

 

?afraid-intensive?

 

?tired-intensive?

 

?full-intensive?

 

?sandy-intensive?

 

?deaf-intensive?

 

?aroused-intensive?

 

?smokey-intensive?

 

?ashamed-intensive?

 

?talkative-intensive?

 

?piggish-intensive?

 

?fiery-intensive? tææ? ?popular? tææ?ææ? ?popular-intensive? jit??l

 

mææn

 

mæær ?magnetic?

 

?warm?

 

?dishonest? jit??l??l

 

mæænææn

 

mææræær ?magnetic-intensive?

 

?burning-intensive?

 

?dishonest-intensive? a. State clearly in words how this reduplication pattern works.

 

b. Write a formal rule that handles this kind of reduplication. Use the models in (72) and Study

 

Exercise 8 in your text.

 

If you like, you may use the symbol S to stand for any speech sound.

 

It?s possible to solve this problem without knowing the meaning of the phonetic symbols,

 

but a quick guide if you are curious is: Linguistics 20, Fall 2016 Homework #2 p. 2 [j] is actually the ?y? sound in IPA.

 

[?] is the last sound of sing

 

[q] is like [k] but made with the tongue further back in the mouth.

 

[?] is a vowel rather like the vowel of boat but made without rounding the lips.

 

[?] is a vowel rather like the vowel of boot but made without rounding the lips.

 

[æ] is the vowel of bat.

 

Else vowel letters are more or less as in Spanish.

 

Double vowels sound like single vowels but are longer.

 

2. Plurals in Koasati Koasati is an American Indian language of the Muskogean family, spoken in Louisiana. I

 

have simplified the data a bit for purposes of a problem set, specifically by removing some

 

irrelevant suffixes and removing the effects of phonology.

 

Singular subject Plural subject Gloss akocofot

 

ci?ip

 

fotop

 

ijjakohok

 

kojof

 

misip

 

obakhitip

 

pitaf

 

simat

 

socaf

 

tiwap

 

wilep akocof

 

ci?

 

fot

 

ijjakoh

 

koj

 

mis

 

obakhit

 

pit

 

sim

 

soc

 

tiw

 

wil ?jump down?

 

?spear something?

 

?pull up something?

 

?trip?

 

?cut something?

 

?wink?

 

?go backwards?

 

?slice up the middle?

 

?cut up tanned skin?

 

?strip skin off something?

 

?open something?

 

?tear up the earth? a.

 

b. State clearly in words how the plural-subject verb is formed.

 

Formalize a rule for plural formation, using the notation taught in this class. You may

 

also assume the inflectional feature [Number], with values [Number:singular] and

 

[Number:plural] Phonetic symbols if you are curious:

 

[c] is like a [k] but with tongue further forward.

 

[?] is a hissy sound made with the tongue in position for [l].

 

3. Ambiguity in morphology

 

Here are a few English words with the prefix mini- that are ambiguous.

 

mini-donut store

 

mini-bus stop ?donut store that is small?

 

?store where you can buy small donuts?

 

?small place for getting on the bus?

 

?place where a small bus stops? Linguistics 20, Fall 2016 mini-turtle pond

 

mini-cup rack Homework #2 p. 3 ?small pond for turtles?

 

?pond for small turtles?

 

?small rack for cups?

 

?rack for small cups? a. Write the appropriate prefixation rule for mini-. Here are representative data:

 

miniskirt ?a small skirt?

 

minibus ?a small bus?

 

minimug ?a small mug? 1

 

A model for answer-format is (52) in the text.

 

b. Use your rule, plus the Compounding Rule in the text (p. 49) and provide derivations for

 

both meanings of mini-bus stop. See (61) in the text for a model for the format of derivations.

 

You?ll need to be a bit flexible for the compounds, which have two input stems, not one; just go

 

ahead and improvise.

 

c. Optional zero-credit question: are these forms ambiguous when spoken aloud? You may

 

be able to detect an (unspelled) difference in the way they are pronounced by native speakers.

 

What is this difference?

 

4. Characterizing syntactic ambiguity with multiple phrase structure Do all the syntax study exercises in this week?s readings (on your own; you don?t need to

 

hand them in.)

 

Now, give each of the following sentences two trees, one for each meaning.

 

Note: do not diagram the meanings! Just the sentences themselves. See Study Exercise 16

 

in the text for model answers.

 

a. Alice ordered mangoes from India.

 

i. ?It was mangoes from India that Alice ordered.? 2

 

ii. ?It was from India that Alice ordered mangoes.?

 

b. Fred and Sam?s car might arrive on Monday.

 

i. (a person and a car will arrive)

 

ii. (a car belonging to two people)

 

c. The learned judge spies.

 

i. ?The people with lots of education pass verdict on espionage agents.?

 

ii. ?The judge with lots of education is an espionage agent.?

 

d. They mailed the French mushrooms.

 

i. ?They mailed the mushrooms that were French.?

 

1 I found a huge set of examples at

 

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:English_words_prefixed_with_mini-.

 

2 Perhaps Alice ordered them from an American fruit-by-mail company; her order itself did not go to India. Linguistics 20, Fall 2016 Homework #2 ii. ?They mailed mushrooms to the French people.?

 

e. She wrote and published a book.

 

i. ?What she did with that book was to write and (then) publish it.?

 

ii. ?She wrote (something else) and then published (perhaps someone else?s) book. p. 4

 







About this question:
STATUS
Answered
QUALITY
Approved
ANSWER RATING

This question was answered on: Feb 21, 2020

PRICE: $24

Solution~00066406689.zip (18.37 KB)

Buy this answer for only: $24

This attachment is locked

We have a ready expert answer for this paper which you can use for in-depth understanding, research editing or paraphrasing. You can buy it or order for a fresh, original and plagiarism-free copy (Deadline assured. Flexible pricing. TurnItIn Report provided)

Pay using PayPal (No PayPal account Required) or your credit card. All your purchases are securely protected by PayPal.
SiteLock

Need a similar solution fast, written anew from scratch? Place your own custom order

We have top-notch tutors who can help you with your essay at a reasonable cost and then you can simply use that essay as a template to build your own arguments. This we believe is a better way of understanding a problem and makes use of the efficiency of time of the student. New solution orders are original solutions and precise to your writing instruction requirements. Place a New Order using the button below.

Order Now