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We dene the Escape Problem as follows. We are given a directed
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We de?ne the Escape Problem as follows. We are given a directed graph G = ( V,E ) (picture a network of roads). A certain collection of nodes X ? V are designated as populated nodes , and a certain other collection S ? V are designated as safe nodes . (Assume that X and S are disjoint.) In case of an emergency, we want evacuation routes from the populated nodes to the safe nodes. A set of evacuation routes is de?ned as a set of paths in G so that (i) each node in X is the starting point of one path, (ii) the last node on each path lies in S , and (iii) the paths do not share any edges. Such a set of paths gives a way for the occupants of the populated nodes to ?escape? to S , without overly congesting any edge in G . (a) Given G , X , and S , show how to decide in polynomial time whether such a set of evacuation routes exists. (b) Suppose we have exactly the same problem as in (a), but we want to enforce an even stronger version of the ?no congestion? condition (iii): we change (iii) to say ?the paths do not share any nodes .? With this new condition, show how to decide in polynomial time whether such a set of evacuation routes exists. (c) Provide an example with the same G , X , and S , in which the answer is yes to the question in (a) but no to the question in (b)

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This question was answered on: Feb 21, 2020

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