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Separating a Mixture of Compounds

Experiment 1:  Sublimation of ammonium chloride (NH4Cl)

1. Calculate and record the following (in grams):

 a mass of the empty evaporating dish (g) 76.000g b mass of the evaporating dish plus the powder mixture sample (g) 86.000g c mass of the sample, b minus a (g) 10.000g d mass of the evaporating dish and the remaining contents after sublimation (g) 93.778g e Subtract (d) from (b) to obtain the mass of NH4Cl in the sample (g) 7.778g

Make sure to keep your evaporating dish with the contents after sublimation for part 2!

Experiment 2: Filtration of Sand (SiO2)

1. Calculate and record the following (in grams):

 a mass of an empty beaker 85.000g b mass of the beaker with the SiO2 after decanting 91.158g c mass of the SiO2 (b minus a) 6.158g

Make sure to keep the beaker with the water and sodium chloride after decanting for part 3!

Experiment 3: Calculation of the Sodium Chloride (NaCl) Content and Evaporation

1. Calculate and record the following (in grams):

 a mass of the beaker with NaCl after boiling away water (g) 87.620g b measured mass of NaCl after boiling away water (a minus the mass of the beaker from Experiment 2) (g) 2.620g

Note: This is the way to measure the amount of sodium chloride directly. Question 2 below is to measure the amount of sodium chloride indirectly.

2. Determine the amount of sodium chloride (NaCl) in the original mixture indirectly by adding the masses of ammonium chloride (experiment 1 e) and sand (experiment 2 c) together and subtracting the sum from the initial sample mass of 10 g.

7.778g+6.158g-10g= 3.936g

3. Calculate the percent difference between the results from the two methods (directly and indirectly) from the following equation. You must show all work to receive full credit.

% difference = |(measured mass) - (mass by subtraction)| / (mass by subtraction) * 100%

l(2.620g-3.936g)l/3.936g x 100%= 33.4%

4. Based on your experimental results, which is the preferred method of separation?

5. What is the mass percent of each component in your mixture? To determine the mass percent, divide the mass of the component by the mass of the total 10.000g sample and multiply that result by 100. Make sure to show all work to receive full credit.

(a) % NH?Cl =

(b) % SiO? =

(c)  % NaCl =

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This question was answered on: Feb 21, 2020

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