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Introduction to Argument Analysis Worksheet Directions : There
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Directions: There are three parts to this assignment. Read the instructions carefully.

Part 1: Use the S.M.E.L.L process to read and annotate the op-ed piece ?The Grant Shapps Affair Is a Testament to Wikipedia's Integrity and Transparency? (below).

Part 2: Answer the S.M.E.L.L. questions below, using complete sentences and evidence from the text:

  1. Who is the writer?
  2. Who is the audience?
  3. What is the writer?s purpose?
  4. What is the overall issue, problem, and/or subject?
  5. What is the historical context surrounding the subject?
  6. What is the claim? What is the counterclaim?
  7. What evidence is used to support the writer?s claim?
  8. What evidence is used to refute the opposition?s position?
  9. How would you rate the credibility and validity of the evidence?
  10. Is the writer?s claim reasonable?
  11. Are the writer?s reasons logical?
  12. How is the argument structured? Which argument styles does the writer employ?
  13. Where are the holes in the writer?s argument?
  14. What type of tone is created through the writer?s diction?
  15. Which stylistic elements and rhetorical strategies are employed?

Part 3: Write a response explaining whether the writer?s argument is effective. Use at least three pieces of evidence from your S.M.E.L.L. analysis to support your position. Your response should be between 150 and 200 words.



?The Grant Shapps Affair Is a Testament to Wikipedia's Integrity and Transparency?

 By Justin Anthony Knapp

Op-ed published in The Guardian online, 2015

In 1787 James Madison authored Federalist No 10 as part of a series of articles aimed at encouraging the American people to adopt the US constitution. His concern in that essay was "factions", which might be roughly analogous to political parties or interest groups in today's language. The danger was that "the public good is disregarded in the conflicts of rival parties".

Madison proposed several solutions to this problem which involved removing liberty and diversity?these were unacceptable options. The only genuine remedy was to have a large, vibrant and participatory republic that included the contributions of the many with an appropriate number of representatives to act as gatekeepers of democracy in the government. Two hundred and fourteen years later, a somewhat different and slightly less grand American experiment was founded: a free encyclopedia that anyone could edit named Wikipedia.

Common goods such as democracies or free cultural repositories can only exist through the hard work and goodwill of a large majority who dedicate their time and effort to cultivating them. There will always be those who choose to exploit these resources for their own ends and if we do not have vigilance on the part of others, these common goods will be spoiled.

It is good that British politicians such as Grant Shapps are among those who can edit Wikipedia, and it is also good that site administrators act as watchdogs against pernicious or inappropriate edits. What is undesirable is when someone seeks to undermine the wellbeing of those seeking to learn by editing in such a way as to make the encyclopedia a press release, an advertising platform, or a personal press. Whether Shapps himself did this is to some extent immaterial; what is most important is that these edits have been corrected, and whatever accounts made them have been stopped from editing.

Wikipedia is largely self-policing and investigates itself as members find inaccuracies, potential libel or petty vandalism, but it is also policed by the greater community that we hope to serve: the public. This encyclopedia only works if others read it, contribute to it, criticize it, and engage with one another to do the same. We need a mixture of lay people and professionals who can go about fixing tedious typos, update statistics, or add media to plain text, and a small few who are willing to act as custodians with access to the tools that ensure the encyclopedia has integrity by blocking and investigating potentially abusive users.

Wikipedia is not an experiment in democracy, anarchy or any other political philosophy, but a sui generis that brings together armchair historians with citizen journalists, university professors and video game enthusiasts, stay-at-home mothers alongside stamp collectors. Residents of every country in the world edit in almost 300 languages. In order for all their valuable voices to be heard and their knowledge to be shared, we need help.

The American ecologist Garrett Hardin popularized the idea of the "tragedy of the commons," drawing upon the work of the British economist William Forster Lloyd. He argued that public goods such as land would be ruined by selfish interests as well as apathetic welfare. It is only through the careful and active management of these goods by the many that we can truly benefit the many. I'm grateful when someone finds a problem with Wikipedia because that means the system works. It also has the added bonus of attracting more eyes to potentially abused articles: this kind of scrutiny results in better articles and serves to eliminate undue bias.

It's a goal that is never achieved but that is always in mind. Unlike most corporate or state-controlled entities, abuses and the remedies for these abuses are transparent at Wikipedia. Everyone has a stake in a world where the sum of human knowledge is freely shared. Will you help us?

This work is released under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license, which allows free use, distribution, and creation of derivatives, so long as the license is unchanged and clearly noted, and the original author is attributed.



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